LEARN TO CARE FOR ALL TYPES OF ANIMALS
Animal Health and Welfare Short Course
Revised and expanded in 2018
This course teaches you the fundamentals of animal illnesses and disorders. Your perspective on what can go wrong with an animal will expand.
Animals can become injured or ill, but they are not humans. Their nutritional, and psychological needs are often different to ours. They suffer diseases; but often different diseases to what we suffer. There may be some similarities between human health and animal health; but there are also many significant differences. If you wish to care for animals appropriately and effectively, you must understand animal health and welfare in a different way to how you understand human health and welfare. This is not to say one is more or less important than another; but it is both a disservice to animals, and an ineffective way of caring for animals, if you don’t have an appropriate appreciation of differences between people and animals.
This course covers the following lessons:
LESSON 1 INTRODUCTION
Considering Animal Ethics
Health And Welfare
Providing Animal Health Care
Routine Health Treatments
LESSON 2 PREVENTING DISEASE AND INJURY
Health Checks And Observations
The Importance Of Good Nutrition
Exercise And Stimulation
Appropriate And Safe Environment
Controlling Pests And Diseases
LESSON 3 UNDERSTANDING & INSPECTING HEALTH ISSUES
Inspecting The Health Of Animals
Signs Of Ill Health
LESSON 4 ANIMAL FIRST AID
Types Of Wounds
Bone & Joint Problems
First Aid For Wildlife
LESSON 5 SOME COMMON ILLNESSES IN ANIMALS A-F
African Swine Fever
Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
Bile Duct Obstruction
Bordetella (Respiratory Infection)
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (Bse)
BVD (Bovine Viral Diarrhoea)
Chronic Murine Pneumonia (Murine Mycoplasmosis)
Congestive Heart Failure
Equine Herpesvirus (Ehv)
Equine Infectious Anemia Virus (Eia)
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
Feline Infectious Peritonitis
Feline Leukaemia Virus (Felv)
Foot And Mouth Disease
LESSON 6 SOME COMMON ILLNESSES IN ANIMALS G-N
Hendra Virus (Equine Morbillivirus Pneumonia)
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd)
Intestinal Impaction (Snakes)
Legionellosis (Pneumonia Or Mild Respiratory Illness)
Liverfluke (Fasciola Hepatica)
Metabolic Bone Disease (Reptiles)
Mouth Canker (Stomatis)
Mycotic Infection (Reptiles)
Necrotic Dermatitits (Scale Rot)
Nutritional Secondary Hyperparathyroidism
LESSON 7 SOME COMMON ILLNESSES IN ANIMALS O-Z
Ovine Johne’s Disease (Ojd)
Proventricular Dilation Disease (Pdd)
Rabbit Calicivirus Disease
Rift Valley Fever (Rvf)
Scabies (Sarcoptic Mange)
Swine Influenza (Hog Cholera)
Tail And Fin Rot
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (Tse)
Visceral Larval Migrans
West Nile Virus (Wnv)
White Spot (Ichthyophtirius Multifiliis)
A COURSE FOR ANYONE WHO KEEPS OR CARES FOR ANIMALS
Human beings keep animals for a variety of reasons including; as pets, companionship, therapeutic reasons, working animals, and farmed animals for food and even animals for sport. Sometimes wild animals may be kept temporarily in a shelter, or permanently in a zoo or reserve, for their own protection.
Whatever the reason; this course can help you to better understand and practice animal care.
It is important that we understand the health of the animal which we choose to keep, and know when veterinary attention is required. We should also follow health programs available including health checks, vaccinations and parasitic control to decrease the outbreaks of illness or disease.
Alongside our veterinary health checks and treatments, we can also perform our own frequent health check on the animal. Performing regular health checks is beneficial as it allows the animal to become familiar with hands on checks, as well as detecting any possible health problem sooner, rather as later.
A health check consist of both physical examination and observing the animal’s reaction and behaviour. To perform a physical health check follow these easy steps outlined below;
- To perform a health check, you will examine the animal from nose to tail (if present).
- Start by examining the nasal area, eyes, mouth and the ears. Inspect for any discharge, foreign objects, dryness, obstructions, balding, damaged areas or painful spots.
- Check the skull, nape, throat and shoulders for any lumps, bumps, fractures or painful areas. Also check for any parasites, fur matting or hair loss.
- Run hands down the fore legs inspecting for any lumps, balding, fractures or injuries. Check the fore feet, paying attention for any sores or cuts and also spread the digits to ensure no foreign objects or painful spots.
- Now run hands down spine, ensuring no injuries or painful areas. Inspect rib cage and ventral body, ensuring no bloating, lumps or discomfort. Pay particular attention here to the size of the animal. Is this normal for this species, or is it over or under weight.
- Examine hips and hind legs for any bumps, lumps, injuries or discomfort. Assess the hind feet and spread each digit checking for any foreign object or painful area.
- If a tail is present then examine from base to tip for any lumps, bumps, fractures or discomfort. Also examine the anal and genital regions.
You can perform these simple steps on any animal from dog to horse to chicken. Just change the forefeet to wings, feet to hooves and nose to beak!! Whether the animal has feathers or fur, it is important whilst performing a physical health check that you check all areas for any possible sign of parasites. This allows early diagnosis and prevents any severe outbreaks.
Other important health checks could also be performed alongside a physical ‘nose to tail’ examination. The capillary refill time could be assessed, the temperature, respirations and pulse rate.